Museums of Bukhara
In a small distance from the famous Talipach gate, in the northwestern part of Bukhara, there is one of the monuments of religious architecture - the Chashma-Ayub Mausoleum. It got its name in honor of the Muslim saint Ayub, or the prophet Job from biblical history. According to legend, even before the existence of the city, people who lived here were dying of drought, but when they saw the wandering Job, they asked him for water. He struck the ground with his staff, and in the same instant a source of crystal clear water appeared. By the way, “chashma” is translated as “source, well”.
The mausoleum, in which not a single burial was found, was built in the XII century, during the reign of the Karakhanids. After 2 centuries, by order of Amir Timur (Tamerlane), the construction was continued by prisoners from Khorezm, after which it acquired the features of Khorezm architecture. The conical dome in the form of a tent, darkening ceilings, lack of splendor and determined the bright personality of this building. The construction of the mausoleum was completed in the 16th century, after which it was rebuilt many times, up to the 19th century. And the water in the spring is still clear and pure.
Today in the building of the mausoleum, in addition to the source, there is a water museum. But the main thing that escapes the attention of many: this mausoleum testifies to the early spread of Christianity in these lands. And by the way, after visiting this monument, do not forget to drink water from the source, they say it has healing properties.