The history of the square in the center of Tashkent named after Amir Timur, the commander and founder of a huge medieval empire, began as early as in the XIX century, when Tashkent was the center of the Turkestan Military Command, composing the Russian Empire. It was established by order of general M. Chernyaev in 1882.
This State museum of history was opened in Tashkent on the 18th of October, 1996 in commemoration of 660th anniversary of Amir Timur, the great state governor and commander. The museum was founded by the initiative and under the supervision of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Islam Abduganievich Karimov.
Mustakillik square is the main square in Uzbekistan which symbolizes the independence of the nation. The entrance of the square Mustakillik is designed with the arch called “Ezgulik” (the Arch of good and noble aspirations) with rising up storks.