Crafts of Bukhara
It isn't surprising that periods of history are referred to by the names Of metals: The Iron Age, Copper Age and Bronze Age. Man has been processing metal for his use since the dawn of recorded history.
Archeologists have recorded many items in Bukhoro which confirm the ancient origins of this craft in this timeless old city.
Abu Raihon Biruni wrote in the 10th century, that Bukharan master smiths worked with four kinds of metals. The development of the smithing craft affected growth of agriculture and many other industries in the region.By the end of the 19th century, according to master smith Sharif Kamalov calculation, there were over 150 smiths in Bukhoro producing a variety of goods:
Nail makers (mehchasoz)
Iron tool makers (chelongar)
Needle makers (suzansoz)
Currently, there are about 40 smiths still working here, creating hand made knives and scissors, hoes and shovels and sickles and special tools for other crafts-people. The beauty of these unique items makes the factory-made equivalents look boring by comparison.